6. Teaching Notes : Models of Teaching (Part I)

13 05 2010

[Originally published in ELT Chat of http://www.Free_esl.com]

History

• For decades teachers , the world over have experimented with several methods and strategies to develop different abilities in students.

 What are Models of Teaching?

• Bruce Joyce and Marsha Weil identified, collected, edited, structured and published the efforts of teachers in several parts of the world under the title Models of Teaching

• The models are not teaching theories

 • They are instructional designs

• They describe the process of specifying and producing particular environmental situations which cause the students to interact in such a way that specific changes occur in their behaviour.

Characteristics of Models

• All models are effect oriented

• All models have a specific strategy

• All models are process oriented

Sources of Models

Studies in Psychology , Sociology, Medical Science Engineering Science etc

How are models different from methods ?

In education we have ‘goals’….. but models provide us ‘effects’ Use Models of teaching can be used to

1. Shape the curriculum

 2. Design instructional material

 3. Guide instructional process

4. Formulate teaching theories

Tips for Classroom transaction

* The duration of a lesson based on a model can vary from 15 minutes to 45minutes or even up to 90 minutes. Eg: Gagne has identified six performances viz; Specific responding , Chaining, Multiple discrimination, Classifying , Rule using and Problem Solving. So, a lesson to cover all the six performances will require more than 45 minutes!

 *The lesson plans based on models of teaching need not have ‘columns’ . What is important is that the steps/ Phases in each model should be followed.

* As the models have a psychological theory of learning to support it , the learner/ user of a model of teaching should be familiar with the theory of learning, related to that model.

(Please see Part II for more details)

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